View Full Version : Front and Back squats; sprint performance

Dan Moore
04-25-2008, 06:39 PM
J Strength Cond Res. 2008 Jan;22(1):159-65.Links
The acute effects of heavy back and front squats on speed during forty-meter sprint trials.Yetter M, Moir GL.
Exercise Science Department, East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania, East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, USA.

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of performing heavy back squats (HBS) and heavy front squats (HFS) on the average speed during each 10-m interval of 40-m sprint trials. In a randomized, cross-over design, 10 strength-trained men performed a HBS, HFS, or control treatment before performing three 40-m sprint trials separated by 3 minutes. The HBS and HFS treatments consisted of performing parallel back or front squats with 30%, 50%, and 70% of the subject's 1 repetition maximum after 5 minutes of cycling. The control treatment consisted of cycling for 5 minutes. The sprint trials were performed 4 minutes after completing the HBS, HFS, or control treatments. Significant increases in speed were found during the 10- to 20-m interval for the HBS compared with the control treatment (mean difference, 0.12 m x s(-1); 95% likely range, 0.05-0.18 m x s(-1); P = 0.001). During the 30- to 40-m interval, HBS produced significantly greater speeds compared with the HFS treatment (mean difference, 0.24 m x s(-1); 95% likely range, 0.02-0.45 m x s(-1); P = 0.034) and the control treatment (mean difference, 0.18 m x s(-1); 95% likely range, 0.03-0.32 m x s(-1); P = 0.021). The differing effects of the treatments may reflect different levels of muscular activation or different mechanical aspects of the squat exercises. Similarly, the multidimensional nature of sprint running means that other specific exercises may confer improvements in sprinting performance during other intervals. It is suggested that coaches could incorporate HBS into the warm-up procedure of athletes to improve sprinting performance.

04-28-2008, 09:03 AM
Back Squats > Front Squats because there is more of a loaded stretch?

04-05-2010, 02:53 AM
Hay me botham and read this post right now i have taken a bird's eye view of your suggestions that coaches could incorporate HBS into the warm-up procedure of athletes to improve sprinting performance................., looking for some unique one. Any idea?