AMPK-Now if we can only control it

Discussion in 'Hypertrophy Research' started by dkm1987, Mar 12, 2009.

  1. dkm1987

    dkm1987 New Member

    These are two more recent study abstracts that seem to show that not only does training induce a high response in AMPK but also that it tends to be specific to one isoform and it is not related to muscle metabolism per se.

    What still remains to be seen (shown) is can one actually control it without drugs IOW what training intervention may aid in reducing it's negative response on AKT signalling, if any? Is the same response seen in human muscle cells?

    Stay tunes I guess [​IMG]

    FASEB J. 2009 Feb 23.
    Important role for AMPK{alpha}1 in limiting skeletal muscle cell hypertrophy.

    Mounier R, Lantier L, Leclerc J, Sotiropoulos A, Pende M, Daegelen D, Sakamoto K, Foretz M, Viollet B.

    Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibits protein synthesis through the suppression of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), a critical regulator of muscle growth. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the role of the AMPKalpha1 catalytic subunit on muscle cell size control and adaptation to muscle hypertrophy. We found that AMPKalpha1(-/-) primary cultured myotubes and myofibers exhibit larger cell size compared with control cells in response to chronic Akt activation. We next subjected the plantaris muscle of AMPKalpha1(-/-) and control mice to mechanical overloading to induce muscle hypertrophy. We observed significant elevations of AMPKalpha1 activity in the control muscle at days 7 and 21 after the overload. Overloading-induced muscle hypertrophy was significantly accelerated in AMPKalpha1(-/-) mice than in control mice [+32 vs. +53% at day 7 and +57 vs. +76% at day 21 in control vs. AMPKalpha1(-/-) mice, respectively]. This enhanced growth of AMPKalpha1-deficient muscle was accompanied by increased phosphorylation of mTOR signaling downstream targets and decreased phosphorylation of eukaryotic elongation factor 2. These results demonstrate that AMPKalpha1 plays an important role in limiting skeletal muscle overgrowth during hypertrophy through inhibition of the mTOR-signaling pathway.-Mounier, R., Louise Lantier, Leclerc, J., Sotiropoulos, A., Pende, M., Daegelen, D., Sakamoto, K., Foretz, M., Viollet, B. Important role for AMPKalpha1 in limiting skeletal muscle cell hypertrophy.

    J Physiol. 2008 Mar 15;586(6):1731-41. Epub 2008 Jan 17.
    Normal hypertrophy accompanied by phosphoryation and activation of AMP-activated protein kinase alpha1 following overload in LKB1 knockout mice.

    McGee SL, Mustard KJ, Hardie DG, Baar K.

    The activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is hypothesized to underlie the fact that muscle growth following resistance exercise is decreased by concurrent endurance exercise. To directly test this hypothesis, the capacity for muscle growth was determined in mice lacking the primary upstream kinase for AMPK in skeletal muscle, LKB1. Following either 1 or 4 weeks of overload, there was no difference in muscle growth between the wild type (wt) and LKB1(-/-) mice (1 week: wt, 38.8 +/- 7.75%; LKB1(-/-), 27.8 +/- 12.98%; 4 week: wt, 75.8 +/- 15.2%; LKB1(-/-), 85.0 +/- 22.6%). In spite of the fact that the LKB1 had been knocked out in skeletal muscle, the phosphorylation and activity of the alpha1 isoform of AMPK were markedly increased in both the wt and the LKB1(-/-) mice. To identify the upstream kinase(s) responsible, we studied potential upstream kinases other than LKB1. The activity of both Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase alpha (CaMKKalpha) (5.05 +/- 0.86-fold) and CaMKKbeta (10.1 +/- 2.59-fold) increased in the overloaded muscles, and this correlated with their increased expression. Phosphorylation of TAK-1 also increased 10-fold following overload in both the wt and LKB1 mice. Even though the alpha1 isoform of AMPK was activated by overload, there were no increases in expression of mitochondrial proteins or GLUT4, indicating that the alpha1 isoform is not involved in these metabolic adaptations. The phosphorylation of TSC2, an upstream regulator of the TORC1 pathway, at the AMPK site (Ser1345) was increased in response to overload, and this was not affected by LKB1 deficiency. Taken together, these data suggest that the alpha1 isoform of AMPK is preferentially activated in skeletal muscle following overload in the absence of metabolic adaptations, suggesting that this isoform might be important in the regulation of growth but not metabolism.
  2. Sonny

    Sonny New Member

    Hey Dan
    What the heck is this study about and what is the conclusion.

    Howdy Friend
    What have you been up to ?
    Been working out ?


    Save a chicken
    Eat a cow
  3. stingblood

    stingblood New Member

    Yeah Dan!

    After Max-Stim now we are waiting for a new breakthrough!
    For me Max-Stim was a revelation...everybody in the gym looks at me oddly! [​IMG]

    "...Biochemical preparations for a high-intensity energy challenge must be exhausted before AMPK is to be activated in order to mediate further metabolic adaptations to exercise."

    I looked at wikipedia about AMPK....well didn't understand it 100% but what about taking creatine in helping to reduce or retard activation of AMPK?

    Just my $2c.

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